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特高拱坝结构性态诊断与监控方法述评

赵二峰 顾冲时

赵二峰,顾冲时. 特高拱坝结构性态诊断与监控方法述评[J]. 水利水运工程学报. doi:  10.12170/20211203005
引用本文: 赵二峰,顾冲时. 特高拱坝结构性态诊断与监控方法述评[J]. 水利水运工程学报. doi:  10.12170/20211203005
(ZHAO Erfeng, GU Chongshi. Review on diagnosis and monitornig methods of structural behavior of superhigh arch dams[J]. Hydro-Science and Engineering(in Chinese)) doi:  10.12170/20211203005
Citation: (ZHAO Erfeng, GU Chongshi. Review on diagnosis and monitornig methods of structural behavior of superhigh arch dams[J]. Hydro-Science and Engineering(in Chinese)) doi:  10.12170/20211203005

特高拱坝结构性态诊断与监控方法述评

doi: 10.12170/20211203005
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(52079046,51779086,51739003);中央高校基本科研业务费项目(B210202017)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵二峰(1986—),男,安徽亳州人,博士,副教授,主要从事水工结构安全监控与健康诊断研究。E-mail:zhaoerfeng@hhu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    顾冲时(E-mail:csgu@hhu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TV698

Review on diagnosis and monitornig methods of structural behavior of superhigh arch dams

  • 摘要: 我国已建、在建多座特高拱坝工程,这些工程往往面临着高水头、高边坡和复杂地质条件等特殊服役环境,其设计、施工及安全监控等技术指标突破了现行规范适用范围和以往的工程认知。与一般大坝相比,特高拱坝工程复杂程度高,结构的力学行为具有独特特征,工程建设和运行安全控制要求更为严格。论述了坝体体型工程经验性评价参数、地质力学模型试验、数值模拟仿真分析等特高拱坝结构性态诊断关键技术,以及施工质量控制、温控防裂、跟踪监测反馈等安全监控技术;在此基础上,指出了特高拱坝长效服役健康诊断与安全控制的前沿热点问题,包括时空演化特征挖掘方法、服役风险率实时诊断模型、结构安全动态控制模式、智能感知与超前预警技术等,可指导特高拱坝的建设和运行管理。
  • 图  1  典型拱坝柔度系数分布

    Figure  1.  Flexibility coefficient distribution of typical arch dams

    表  1  我国特高拱坝工程体型特征

    Table  1.   Shape characteristics of superhigh arch dams in China

    序号坝名水平拱型坝高/m坝顶弧长/m拱冠厚度/m厚高比弧高比中心角/°
    顶部底部
    1 锦屏一级 抛物线 305.0 552.43 16.0 63.0 0.207 1.811 93.55
    2 小湾 抛物线 294.5 892.79 12.0 72.91 0.248 3.032 90.1
    3 白鹤滩 椭圆 289.0 708.7 14.0 63.5 0.218 2.45 96.43
    4 溪洛渡 抛物线 285.5 581.51 14.0 60.0 0.210 2.037 95.6
    5 乌东德 抛物线 270.0 326.95 11.98 51.41 0.19 1.211 101.79
    6 拉西瓦 对数螺旋线 250.0 475.8 10.0 49.0 0.196 1.903 92.4
    7 二滩 抛物线 240.0 769.0 11.0 55.74 0.232 3.204 91.5
    8 构皮滩 抛物线 230.5 552.55 10.25 50.28 0.216 2.377 88.0
    9 大岗山 抛物线 210.0 622.42 10.0 52.0 0.248 2.964 93.5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  我国特高拱坝应力水平

    Table  2.   Maximum principle stess of superhigh arch dams in China 单位:MPa

    序号坝名坝基岩性最大应力
    拉应力压应力
    1锦屏一级微风化弱卸荷Ⅲ1类大理岩、砂板岩为主1.199.64
    2小湾微~新黑云母花岗片麻岩、角闪斜长片麻岩为主1.109.80
    3白鹤滩块状玄武岩为主,河床部位出露角砾熔岩1.038.82
    4溪洛渡弱风化下段玄武岩为主1.149.20
    5乌东德灰岩、白云岩、大理岩化白云岩为主0.997.22
    6拉西瓦花岗岩和变质岩微~新岩体为主1.187.97
    7二滩正长岩、玄武岩的弱风化下段为主0.998.82
    8构皮滩灰岩,建于Ⅰ、Ⅱ级岩体,局部Ⅲ级岩体1.007.00
    9大岗山中、低高程微~新花岗岩,上部为弱风化下段0.486.04
      注:拉应力均发生在坝踵、压应力均发生在下游坝面。
    下载: 导出CSV
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