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黄河流域水土资源联合配置技术框架

秦天玲 吕锡芝 刘姗姗 王建伟 李晨昊 冯贱明

秦天玲,吕锡芝,刘姗姗,等. 黄河流域水土资源联合配置技术框架[J]. 水利水运工程学报,2022(1):28-36. doi:  10.12170/20211112003
引用本文: 秦天玲,吕锡芝,刘姗姗,等. 黄河流域水土资源联合配置技术框架[J]. 水利水运工程学报,2022(1):28-36. doi:  10.12170/20211112003
(QIN Tianling, LÜ Xizhi, LIU Shanshan, et al. Technical framework for joint allocation of water and soil resources in the Yellow River Basin[J]. Hydro-Science and Engineering, 2022(1): 28-36. (in Chinese)) doi:  10.12170/20211112003
Citation: (QIN Tianling, LÜ Xizhi, LIU Shanshan, et al. Technical framework for joint allocation of water and soil resources in the Yellow River Basin[J]. Hydro-Science and Engineering, 2022(1): 28-36. (in Chinese)) doi:  10.12170/20211112003

黄河流域水土资源联合配置技术框架

doi: 10.12170/20211112003
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFA0605004);国家自然科学基金重点项目(52130907)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    秦天玲(1986—),女,山东淄博人,正高级工程师,博士,主要从事气候变化与水循环相关研究。E-mail:qintl@iwhr.com

    通讯作者:

    刘姗姗(E-mail:liushanshan198705@163.com

Technical framework for joint allocation of water and soil resources in the Yellow River Basin

  • 摘要: 黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展上升为重大国家战略,对黄河流域水土资源配置提出了新要求。随着气候变化和人类活动的影响,黄河流域面临水资源总量不足、水土资源空间不匹配、水沙异源和生态用水用地矛盾突出等问题。在分析黄河流域水土资源所面临问题及成因的基础上,以山水林田湖草整体保护、系统修复和综合治理为导向,基于已有水土资源要素数据和精密监测获取的数据,识别黄河流域水土资源演变规律及生态关键阈值,构建基于水土资源高效利用与保护的黄河流域水土资源联合配置模型。本研究旨在规范黄河流域水土资源开发,为黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展提供技术支撑。
  • 图  1  水土资源联合配置技术框架

    Figure  1.  Technical framework for joint allocation of water and soil resources

    表  1  1980—2010年黄河流域土地转移矩阵

    Table  1.   Transition matrix of the land use types in the Yellow River Basin from 1980 to 2010 单位:%

    土地利用类型2010年
    耕地林地草地水域居民及城乡建设用地未利用土地
    1980年耕地70.445.9318.400.324.310.60
    林地10.2453.7035.140.130.330.46
    草地18.169.7067.320.270.414.14
    水域30.362.6726.6529.211.569.55
    居民及城乡建设用地47.931.399.130.6840.400.47
    未利用土地5.601.6261.571.040.4129.76
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  1980—2010年黄河流域景观格局指数

    Table  2.   Landscape pattern index of the Yellow River Basin from 1980 to 2010

    年份斑块
    数量
    最大斑块占景观
    面积比例/%
    边缘
    密度
    平均斑块
    大小/km2
    面积加权
    平均分维数
    蔓延度
    指数
    香浓多样性
    指数
    香浓均匀度
    指数
    198050 66834.9617.4781 568.0901.26834.4711.3210.737
    200043 91023.6555.4431 809.4281.26242.5231.2320.688
    201044 40222.7685.5261 789.3771.26141.4461.2570.701
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-01-22
  • 刊出日期:  2022-02-15

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